Market based business models provide an outline for various strategies and distribution solutions to be implemented through organizational structures, processes and systems.
In order to make city centres more attractive, the introduction of clean and energy-efficient vehicles for last mile distribution and the use of intermodal transports is facilitated as well.
Incentives and regulations improve the possibility to make the business models profitable and financially sustainable.
Market based business models
Market based business models are a crucial part of the development in energy efficient distribution solutions. The SMARTSET project contained a number of different sites with different conditions, from smaller towns to medium and big size cities, from different parts of Europe, with different types of challenges and different potential solutions. Nevertheless, all these sites had one thing in common: the need for a sustainable business model that is comprehensive and enables to overcome existing market barriers.
Energy efficient vehicles
In order to make city centres more attractive, the introduction of clean vehicles for last mile distribution and the use of intermodal transports were facilitated within the SMARTSET project as these are an important part of a successful business model. Electric vehicles, hybrids and CNG vehicles are examples of vehicles that were tested in terms of performance within city distribution. By distributing with small electric vehicles, the local environment es drastically improved in terms of greenhouse gas and particle emissions, road safety and congestion.
Incentives and regulations
Incentives and regulations are needed and necessary to steer towards an energy efficient urban freight transport. Therefore they go hand in hand to achieve a maximum effect. Regulations and incentives can however be implemented in numerous ways and combinations depending on the objectives and aims. Therefore, the SMARTSET partners outlined a common approach to regulations and incentives, based on conclusions from previous projects, and categorised different regulation and incentive schemes depending on the desirable result.